The lineLabel function produces and draws text grobs following the paths defined by a list of Line objects. The sp.lineLabel methods use this function to work easily with spplot.

lineLabel(line, label,
          spar=.6, position = c('above', 'below'),
          textloc = 'constantSlope',
          col = add.text$col,
          alpha = add.text$alpha,
          cex = add.text$cex,
          lineheight = add.text$lineheight,
          font = add.text$font,
          fontfamily = add.text$fontfamily,
          fontface = add.text$fontface,
          lty = add.line$lty,
          lwd = add.line$lwd, 
          col.line = add.line$col,
          identifier = 'lineLabel',

sp.lineLabel(object, labels, byid=TRUE,...)

label(object, text, ...)



a list of Lines.


A Lines or SpatialLines object.

label, labels, text

a string or expression to be printed following the path of line. The names of labels should match the values of the ID slot of the lines to label. If labels is missing, the ID slot is used instead. The label method is a wrapper function to extract the ID slots and create a suitable character object with the correct names values.


If TRUE (default) only the longest line of each unique ID value will be labelled.


a character or a numeric. It may be 'constantSlope', 'minSlope' or 'maxDepth', or the numeric index of the location. If it is a numeric, its length must coincide with the number of Lines.


smoothing parameter. With values near zero, the label will closely follow the line. Default value is .6. See smooth.spline for details.


character string ('above' or 'below') to define where the text must be placed.

col, alpha, cex, lineheight, font, fontfamily, fontface

graphical arguments for the text. See gpar for details.

lty, lwd, col.line

graphical parameters for the line. See gpar for details.


A character string to identify the grob to be created.


other arguments


Oscar Perpiñán Lamigueiro.


Part of the label location code is adapted from panel.levelplot. smooth.spline is used to resample the segment of the line where the label is placed.

See also


data(meuse.grid) coordinates(meuse.grid) = ~x+y proj4string(meuse.grid) <- CRS("+init=epsg:28992") gridded(meuse.grid) = TRUE data(meuse) coordinates(meuse) = ~x+y data(meuse.riv) <- SpatialLines(list(Lines(list(Line(meuse.riv)), "1"))) library(RColorBrewer) myCols <- adjustcolor(colorRampPalette(brewer.pal(n=9, 'Reds'))(100), .85) labs <- label(, 'Meuse River') ## Maximum depth sl1 <- list('sp.lineLabel',, label=labs, position='below', textloc='maxDepth', spar=.2, col='darkblue', cex=1, fontfamily='Palatino', fontface=2) spplot(meuse.grid["dist"], col.regions=myCols, sp.layout = sl1)
## Constant slope sl2 <- modifyList(sl1, list(textloc = 'constantSlope')) ## Default spplot(meuse.grid["dist"], col.regions=myCols, sp.layout = sl2)
## Location defined by its numeric index sl3 <- modifyList(sl1, list(textloc = 140, position='above')) spplot(meuse.grid["dist"], col.regions=myCols, sp.layout = sl3)